Also, we will address the importance of knowing about the sport for those who want to practice it. For this, we will provide details on main records, modalities, athlete preparation , world swimming day, origin of the sport, Olympic participation and benefits to physical and mental health.
Would you like to know more about swimming? Keep reading and stay in the loop!
Understand the importance of knowing more about swimming and its history
Until the year 1500 BC. C., humanity believed that plagues arose from the waters of the seas and rivers, so it avoided approaching aquatic spaces. But ancient civilizations gave rise to the world’s first swimmers. Egypt, Rome, Greece and Assyria were the first nations to reveal individuals with the ability to swim.
Today, athletes rely on the benefits of technology to improve sport techniques, such as appropriate clothing that reduces friction between the swimmer and the water, medicine, and other advances. But swimming is not just for athletes. People of all ages, including babies and seniors, can enjoy the benefits of this activity.
Discover 7 interesting facts about swimming
Swimming has become so well known that it has become one of the traditional sports of the world Olympics. It distributes a good amount of medals in conjunction with athletics and gymnastics. The leaders in receiving the awards are the Americans, in addition to having some records. See this and other fun facts about swimming!
1. Main records
American Mark Spitz showed high performance when he won 7 gold medals at the 1972 Olympics held in Munich. He became the biggest winner in a single Olympics, but was surpassed in 2008 by Michael Phelps, also an American, who received 8 gold medals and won all the competitions played. To date, Phelps has won 18 gold medals and, in total, won 22 awards.
Competition in swimming pools began between 1930 and 1940. Today, swimming follows the guidelines of the International Swimming Federation (FINA) and has 17 different modalities.
Crawl is a race that features 800 meters for female athletes and 1,500 meters for men. The measurements of the official pools are 25 meters wide, with 8 lanes of 2.5 meters each and 50 meters in length. The water temperature for competitions is between 25 and 28 degrees.
Current sports offer 5 swimming styles that can be mixed: medley, butterfly, breaststroke, backstroke and freestyle. The competitions between teams allow the athletes to relay in 4 x 100 meters freestyle and 4 x 200 meters medley.
3. Preparation of athletes
Athletes’ physical conditioning is crucial for winning medals. They do stretching exercises and develop musculature, working breathing, breathing and the resistance of muscles and heart. In addition, swimmers remove all body hair so that they do not rub against the water.
4. World Swimming Day
World Swimming Day is celebrated on April 8th. This celebration was created to encourage the practice of sport, which is excellent for health. Physical activity is one of the most complete, considering that it moves all the muscles of the body.
5. Health benefits
Swimming brings fun and weight loss. It helps to burn around 600 calories during training, which are intense and last more than 30 minutes. The results are excellent when compared to other sports like running. Swimming also increases circulatory capacity and respiratory rate and increases joint flexibility.
Swimming is not only recommended for physical preparation. It helps to improve brain activity and helps with memory and concentration of practitioners. If exercises are performed regularly, there will be an increase in the production and release of endorphins and serotonin, hormones that generate a feeling of well-being.
In this way, the swimmers’ brain is in a state of alert, providing more productivity at work and daily tasks, in addition to focusing on studies. The practice of swimming increases the oxygenation of cells and enhances logical reasoning, improving intellectual activity.
6. Origin of sport
The sport started to become popular from 1700. In the year 1769, the Frenchman M. Thevenal began to shape swimming, describing the strokes similar to breaststroke. Then the Italian Bernardi developed the backstroke in 1794.
As early as 1873, Englishman John Trudgen created freestyle swimming that was perfected by Richard Cavill of Australia. Butterfly swimming was created in 1948 by a Hungarian competitor.
7. Olympic participation
The United States has obtained approximately 1/3 of all the Olympic medals awarded so far in the swimming modality. They have already won 520 medals during the games, with Australia coming in second with 178 medals.
Anyway, these are the 7 swimming curiosities that could not remain unknown! Know that this sport contributes to the definition of the muscles of the lower and upper limbs, chest, back and abdomen. It also increases muscle strength and strengthens the muscles of the central region of the body, the pelvis and lower back, including improving spinal stability and posture. In other words, swimming is full of benefits!